El Higueral is located in the northeast of the municipality, lying on the slopes of the hills of Monte and Sierrezuela; bordering with the neighboring municipality of Priego de Córdoba and Algarinejo in Granada.
The name of the village comes from Spanish name of the fig tree. The first time a known text alludes to the village of El Higueral, it is referred to in Latin as “aldeam quae dicitur Ficulnea” (the village called El Higueral). Although there are vestiges of Roman times, the population of this village is already seen in Prehistory, with the appearance of flint tools in the Higueral stream.
The environment presents a landscape of hills more or less elevated, full of olive trees, with areas of oaks and Mediterranean scrubland, gall oaks, rosemary, gorse and junipers. The abundance of streams such as those of Cañuelo, Estanco, Salina or Higueral give rise to the existence of a rich ecosystem, in which a flora with a great variety of plants such as the chickweed, plantain, and psyllium, the lily and the water lilies, or the poplars and reed beds stand out.
The most outstanding architectonic elements are the Church of the Carmen, the publick washing place and some small fountains (the Pilarillo, the Camarín …).
The Church is located in the Plaza del Carmen, built in 1965, it is the work of the architect Carlos Sáez de Santa María y de los Ríos and inside it is the image that gives its name to the church.
Fountains such as that of the publick washing place is an example of the culture and history of the settlements of the area and it shows what the daily life of its inhabitants was like, showing the ethnographical importance of the agricultural and social activities that took place there in the past.