Belonging to the Genil basin, this river, born in the Subbética, is one of the most interesting of the Campiña Alta (the highest peak in the area) because of the state of conservation that presents its riparian vegetation. Its layout is somewhat curious since it describes a kind of “V-shape” in whose vertex it approaches the Genil, but does not end in it, because the topography prevents it. At its source, near the famous spring of Zambra, the Anzur runs accompanied by poplars, willows and elms, which provide a very prominent green tones among the monotony of the surrounding olive grove. The landscape is further enriched by a network of small orchards, although these can be considered practically in danger of extinction as they are affected by the agricultural crisis and the advancement of the urbanization process. As the river advances, its waters receive contributions from pollutants of urban and agricultural origin, such as the products used in the treatment of olive groves. Occasionally, the riparian vegetation formation is increased artificially, as some poplar repopulations have been carried out, which shelter animals linked to both the aquatic and forest environments. Therefore, the same can be seen fishing kingfishers or moorhens or woodpeckers. The cane field is punctually abundant and gives name to some farmhouse, such as the Dehesa del Cañaveral, although the dominant species in the gallery forest is taraje, which gives rise to typical vegetable formations known as “tarajales”. These acquire spectacular tints at the confluence of the Anzur and Lucena rivers, which in turn flow into the Cordobilla reservoir. Undoubtedly, this species has here the most extensive masses of the province, an authentic forest where songs and calls of many birds are heard.
CO-751, 14900 Lucena, Córdoba, España