Religious monuments of Rute
GPS: 37.324936 | -4.370645299999978
When it comes to the artistic heritage of our locality we will focus on the parochial architecture, since the Church was, for a long time, the main promoter and beneficiary of art.
First of all, when referring to the ecclesiastical architecture of Rute, it is worth mentioning the Parish Church of Santa Catalina, which consists of three naves and was built, according to Ramírez de las Casas, in 1730 with the proceeds of the tithes that Rute gave to the Abbot. D. Francisco Fernández de Córdoba. Although there are other theories that speak of 1564 as the date on which it began to be built as instituted by the Pope Alexander VI. Even though it is true that said building went through various remodeling processes, among which the one carried out in the second half of the 18th century stands out, where its construction and decoration was solidified.
We must also emphasize that in 1576 the Convent of San Francisco de la Hoz was founded, in the site of the same name located several kilometers from the village in the direction of Iznájar, and that was transferred in 1750 to what is now the Church Parish of San Francisco de Asís, located in the Upper District of Rute, and where Nuestra Señora de la Cabeza is venerated.
Other hermitages also stand out in our town: the one of Nuestra Señora del Carmen, located in Toledo Street, where the image of Nuestra Señora de la Virgen del Carmen – Patron Saint of Rute – whose image is attributed to La Roldana is housed. The hermitage of San Pedro, with its Jesús de la Humildad popularly called ‘El Abuelito’, and that of the Vera Cruz, which houses the Virgen de la Sangre.
Other artistic works to highlight in our town are: the chapel of the House for the Elderly of Juan Crisóstomo Mangas, the hermitage of Vera Cruz, where there is a precious image of Cristo de la Columna that dates from the 17th century, along with the paintings of the vault, an altarpiece (18th century) and a San Nicolás de Bari and a San Francisco Javier, flanking the image of the Virgen de la Sangre; an altar custody of the parish of Santa Catalina, from the end of the 18th century, according to Arellano of Madrid silverware and gift of the abbot, in the same parish the popular carving of Jesus Nazareno stands out which is attributed to the school of Montañés (16th century); there also stands out a picture of the Virgin of the popule in the Parish of San Francisco, painting that Arellano considers of Italian origin and that he attributes to Céspedes or to some of his disciples. Another work to be highlighted is the carving of the Virgen del Carmen attributed to the daughter of Pedro Roldan and that seems to be related to the master Cecilio A. Franco Roldán.
Other existing statures of great popularity are those of the Virgen de la Cabeza, located in the Parish of San Francisco de Asís, where there is a Christ, polychrome wooden carving of the 17th century, Baroque style, which is attributed to Alonso de Mena, and that originally located in the balustrade of the choir, was transferred to the Sacristy.