SEMANA SANTA

Carcabuey Córdoba España
Throughout the week, one can enjoy processions of images such as the Christ of Souls, the Christ of St. Mark, St. John the Evangelist, the Nazarene, Jesus the Captive, La Borriquita, La Esperanza Nazarena, the Virgin of Sorrows and Veronica. These images, as they pass through the narrow whitewashed streets of Carcabuey, accompanied by the village's musical groups, take on a surprising appearance. Holy Week in Carcabuey took shape throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries with the founding of the Passionist Brotherhoods of the Vera Cruz (True Cross) and Jesús Nazareno (Jesus of Nazareth). We do not know the date of approval of the first of these, although it is known that it was founded in the fifteenth century. Throughout the 17th century and the first half of the following century, the local Holy Week was at its peak. The reasons for this are that the penitential brotherhoods received a strong impulse, endorsed by the increase in their human resources and for being impregnated with the baroque aesthetics, having the three processional parades of Good Thursday and Good Friday a great showiness and pomp. This baroque process has one of its most significant exponents in the sermons of the Passage and the Descent. The first one took place on the morning of Good Friday at the Calvary, where the meeting of Jesus the Nazarene with the Sorrowful is represented, although the images of St. John the Evangelist and Veronica also participated (today it is still carried out and is known as the council, although St. John no longer participates). On the afternoon of Good Friday, the sermon of the Descent was held, in which the unnailing of the body of Christ and the transfer by the male saints to the Sepulchral Urn was staged. This act, which brought together many people, preceded the departure of the procession of the Holy Burial. These baroque traditions were suppressed by the ecclesiastical authority of the Abbey of Alcalá la Real in the last third of the 18th century as they were considered harmful and unworthy of the authentic Christian spirit. In spite of the decreed prohibitions, the baroque traditions in the Holy Week of Carcabulense survive due to the strong popular root. The two aforementioned brotherhoods continued their activity in the eighteenth century, enduring periods of continuous ups and downs. Thus, they entered a phase of prostration at the end of the 18th century and the first decades of the following one. Good Friday at 10:00 a.m. is the first of the penitential stations of the Brotherhood of Our Father Jesus the Nazarene, Mary Queen of the Nazarene Hope and the Holy Burial of Christ. Within this one they emphasize like points of special interest, besides the entrance and exit of the Parish of the Assumption.